The Impact of Climate Change on Livestock and Animal Welfare


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 Steinfeld H, Gerber P, Wassenaar T, Castel V, Rosales M & de Haan C. 2006. Livestock’s long shadow: environmental issues and options. Food and Agriculture Organisation, Rome.

 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. 2007. Climate change 2007: Climate change impacts, adaptation and vulnerability; summary for policymakers. Working Group II Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report.

 Halweil B. 2005. The irony of climate. World Watch Magazine, March/April.

 Epstein PR, and Mills E (eds.). 2005. Climate Change Futures: Health, ecological and economic Dimensions. The Center for Health and the Global Environment, Harvard Medical School. November. http://www.climatechangefutures.org/pdf/CCF_Report_Final_10.27.pdf.

 Clarke J. 2007. Climate change pushes diseases north: Expert. Reuters, March 9. www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSL0920787420070309?sp=true.

 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Desertification.

www.fao.org/desertification/default.asp?lang=en. Accessed April 23, 2008.

 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. 2007. Climate change 2007: Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation And Vulnerability; Summary for Policymakers. Working Group II Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report.

 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. 2007. Climate change 2007: Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation And Vulnerability; Summary for Policymakers. Working Group II Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report.

 Rosset PM. 1999. The Multiple Functions and Benefits of Small Farm Agriculture In the Context of Global Trade Negotiations. Policy Brief No 4. http://www.foodfirst.org/pubs/policybs/pb4.pdf

 United Nations Population Division. 2006. World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision Population Database. Updated September 20, 2007. http://esa.un.org/unpp.

 Menin R. 2007. Human Development Report 2007/2008. Fighting climate change: Human solidarity in a divided world. Famine in Malawi: Causes and consequences. United Nations Development Program. http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2007-2008/papers/menon_roshni_2007a_malawi.pdf.

 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. 2007. Climate change 2007: Climate change impacts, adaptation and vulnerability; summary for policymakers. Working Group II Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report.

 Steinfeld H, Gerber P, Wassenaar T, Castel V, Rosales M & de Haan C. 2006. Livestock’s long shadow: environmental issues and options. Food and Agriculture Organisation, Rome.

 Norse, D 2003 Fertilisers And World Food Demand: Implications for environmental stresses IFA-FAO agriculture conference “Global Food Security and the Role of Sustainable Fertilization” Rome, Italy. 26-28 March 2003. http://www.fertiliser.org/ifa/publicat/PDF/2003_rome_norse.pdf

 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. 2007. Climate change 2007: Climate change impacts, adaptation and vulnerability; summary for policymakers. Working Group II Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report.

 Steinfeld H, Gerber P, Wassenaar T, Castel V, Rosales M and de Haan C. 2006. Livestock’s long shadow: environmental issues and options. Food and Agriculture Organisation, Rome.

 Smeraldi M and May P. 2008. The Cattle Realm: A new phase in the livestock colonization of the

Brazilian Amazonia. www.amazonia.org.br/arquivos/259673.pdf. Accessed April 23, 2008.

 Smeraldi M and May P. 2008. The Cattle Realm: A new phase in the livestock colonization of the

Brazilian Amazonia. www.amazonia.org.br/arquivos/259673.pdf. Accessed April 23, 2008.

 Klink CA and Machado RB. 2005. Conservation of the Brazilian Cerrado. Conservation Biology

19(3):707-13.

 World Wildlife Fund. Facts about soy production and the Basel Criteria.

http://assets.panda.org/downloads/factsheet_soy_eng.pdf. Accessed April 23, 2008.

 World Wildlife Fund. Brazilian savannas.

www.panda.org/news_facts/education/best_place_species/current_top_10/brazilian_savannas_.cfm.

Accessed April 23, 2008.

 Fearnside PM. 2001. Soybean cultivation as a threat to the environment in Brazil. Environmental

Conservation 28(1):23-38.

 Kaimowitz D and Smith J. 2001. Soybean technology and the loss of natural vegetation in Brazil and

Bolivia. In: Angelsen A and Kaimowitz D (eds.), Agricultural Technologies and Tropical Deforestation

(Bangor, Indonesia: CABI Publishing, pp. 195-211).

 European Environment Agency. 2008. Annual European Community greenhouse gas inventory 1990-2008 and inventory report 2008. http://reports.eea.europa.eu/technical_report_2008_6/en/Annual%20European%20Community%20greenhouse%20gas%20inventory%201990-2006%20and%20inventory%20report%202008. Accessed August 1, 2008.

 Giles J. 2007. Climate change 2007: how to survive a warming world. Nature 446:716-7.

 Steinfeld H, Gerber P, Wassenaar T, Castel V, Rosales M, and de Haan C. 2006. Livestock’s long

shadow: environmental issues and options. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, p.

92.

 Boody G, Vondracek B, Andow D, et al. 2005. Multifunctional Agriculture in the United States. BioScience 55 (1):27-38, citing Rayburn E. 1993. Potential ecological and environmental effects of pasture and BGH technology. Chapter 6 In: Liebhardt W (ed.), The Dairy Debate, Consequences of Bovine Growth Hormone and Rotational Grazing Technologies (Davis, California: University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program, pp. 247-Boody G, Vondracek B, Andow D, et al. 2005. Multifunctional Agriculture in the United States.

BioScience 55(1):27-38, citing: Rayburn E. 1993. Potential ecological and environmental effects of

pasture and BGH technology. Chapter 6 In: Liebhardt W (ed.), The Dairy Debate, Consequences of

Bovine Growth Hormone and Rotational Grazing Technologies (Davis, California: University of

California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program, pp. 247-76).

 Steinfeld H, Gerber P, Wassenaar T, Castel V, Rosales M, and de Haan C. 2006. Livestock’s long

shadow: environmental issues and options. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, p.

86.

 Steinfeld H, Gerber P, Wassenaar T, Castel V, Rosales M and de Haan C. 2006. Livestock’s long shadow: environmental issues and options. Food and Agriculture Organisation, Rome.

 Steinfeld H, Gerber P, Wassenaar T, Castel V, Rosales M and de Haan C. 2006. Livestock’s long shadow: environmental issues and options. Food and Agriculture Organisation, Rome.

 Steinfeld H, Gerber P, Wassenaar T, Castel V, Rosales M and de Haan C. 2006. Livestock’s long shadow: environmental issues and options. Food and Agriculture Organisation, Rome.

 Steinfeld H, Gerber P, Wassenaar T, Castel V, Rosales M and de Haan C. 2006. Livestock’s long shadow: environmental issues and options. Food and Agriculture Organisation, Rome.

 Garnett, 2007 Meat and dairy production and consumption.  Exploring the livestock sectors’ contribution to the UK’s greenhouse gas emissions and assessing what a less GHG-intensive system of production and consumption might look like. Food climate research network University of Surrey.

 European Union. 1997. Protocol on protection and welfare of animals: In the Treaty of Amsterdam amending the Treaty on European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and related acts. Official Journal of the European Union C 340, 10 November 1997.

http://eur-lex.europa.eu/en/treaties/dat/11997D/htm/11997D.html#0110010013 Accessed 1 July 2008.

 The Australian Animal Welfare Strategy. 2005. Commonwealth of Australia. ISBN 0 9757221 5 8. www.daff.gov.au/animal-plant-health/welfare/aaws 

 Badgeley C, Moghtader J, Quintero E, Zakem E, Chappell MJ, Avilés-Vázquez K, Samulon A, and Perfecto I. 2007. Organic agriculture and the global food supply. Renewable agriculture and food systems 22(2): 86-198.

 International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD). 2008. Presented to the leaders of FAO, IFAD, UNDP, UNEP, UNESCO and WHO. http://www.agassessment.org/index.cfm?Page=IAASTD%20Reports&ItemID=2713

 A summary of the International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD). 2008. GreenFacts and Com+ alliance.

 RSPCA International News Spring. 2008.

 

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